The Indian Fertilizer Industry is one of the allied sectors of the agricultural sphere. India has emerged as the third largest producer of nitrogenous fertilizers. The adoption of back to back Five Year plans has paved the way for self sufficiency in the production of food grains.
Among the various type of fertilizers used in India, Urea is one of the highest consumed fertilizers in the country as a source of Nitrogen. The consumption of Urea in the country as of March 2018 was 29 million tons. DAP is the second majorly consumed fertilizer in the country.
In India the most widely used fertilizer in the Nitrogenous category is Urea, DAP and MOP for Phosphorus and Potassium respectively. Chart 1: Category- wise Production of Fertilizers Source: Department of Fertilizer, CMIE During the FY 2016-17 India has produced 413.24 LMT of fertilizers. Urea dominates the total fertilizer production in the country
The fertilizer industry in India is extremely vital as it manufactures some of the most important raw materials required for crop production. The primary objective of this industry is to ensure the inflow of both primary and secondary elements required for crop production in the desirable quantities.
Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh Punjab and Kerala are the main fertilizer producing states and account for about half of the total fertilizers produced in India. Orissa, Rajasthan, Bihar, Assam, West Bengal, Goa, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh …
Fertilizers have played a key role in the success of India's green revolution and subsequent self-reliance in food-grain production. The increase in fertilizer consumption has contributed significantly to sustainable production of food grains in the country.
The industry of Fertilizer experienced a faster growth rate and presently India is the third largest fertilizer producer in the world. According to Statistics, total capacity of the industry as in .2003 has reached a level of 121.10 lakh MT of nitrogen (inclusive of an installed capacity of 208.42 lakh MT of urea after reassessment of capacity) and 53.60 lakh MT of phosphatic nutrient.